The Dublin regime was originally introduced by the Dublin Convention, signed in Dublin (Ireland) on 15 June 1990 and came into force on 1 October 1997 for the first twelve signatories (Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom), and on 1 January 1998 for Finland.  While the agreement was only open to accession by the Member States of the European Communities, Norway and Iceland, non-member countries, reached an agreement with the EC in 2001 on the application of the provisions of the Convention on their territory.  If an asylum seeker was in a European country and left the EU (for example. B entered Turkey) before returning to another European country, what will happen? The application of this regulation can significantly delay the submission of claims and result in claims never being heard. The use of detention to enforce the transfer of asylum seekers from the state where they are found to be responsible is also known as Dublin transfers, the separation of families and the refusal of an effective appeal against transfers. The Dublin system also increases pressure on the EU`s external border regions, where the majority of asylum seekers enter the EU and where states are often least able to offer assistance and protection to asylum seekers.  According to the Dublin Regulation, families and relatives who are separated from one European country to another can be reunited while applying for asylum. Unaccompanied children can apply to join a parent, legal guardian or sibling, aunt, uncle or grandparent living in Europe. Adults may apply to join family members (spouse/partner or children) in another Dublin country if the family member is an asylum seeker or refugee or has received subsidiary protection. In other words, the law defines the country that will process the claim of a person seeking asylum under the Geneva Convention. Signatories to the Dublin Regulation include the 28 EU Member States, as well as Liechtenstein, Norway, Iceland and Switzerland. The regulation is also referred to as Dublin III (EC 604/2013), which replaces the old EU DUBLIN REGULATIONS (Dublin II) (343/2003) and the Dublin Convention, which was signed in 1990. As soon as a migrant seeks asylum, officials collect his basic information and take fingerprints.
When defining asylum jurisdiction, officials ask for several criteria.